Lawn Care

The right procedures for soil preparation, establishing and maintenance of lawns will determine the success and satisfactory look of a lawn. There are various processes one must adhere to, to make sure of success.

Soil Preparation:

The area where the lawn will be planted must be free of weeds and the soil must be loosened as deeply as possible. If soil analysis is available, it can be used to determine what specific plant fertilizer needs there are.
If not, the following general program would be advised:

  • Lime – scatter 300 g/m2 dolomite lime and work into soil as deeply as possible.
  • Fertilizer – scatter 15 – 20 g/m2 2.3.3. (22) Zn and work in lightly.
  • Compost – scatter 200g/m2 and work in lightly.

The percentage of clay will determine what the soil preparation should be. On very sandy ground the amount of compost can be increased to increase the organic content of the soil.

Establishing:

Rake the soil level and roll with light roller.
Fill up the unevenness of the ground and roll in well. The day before the grass is planted the area must be made well irrigated to make e sure the grass is not planted on dry ground. Begin to plant the sods against a straight line (wall or road) and don’t finish off the area with small cut off pieces. These pieces can dry out and lift up.
After the sods are planted, they must be rolled tightly or properly compacted by foot, to make sure that the grassroots have made proper contact with the soil and that all air is removed out of this contact zone. The grass must now be irrigated for the next 2-3 weeks and be kept well watered. It is advised that a permanent irrigation system should be installed before the grass is planted to make sure that irrigation is evenly applied.
If the grass is planted during winter, it must not be planted in the afternoon or irrigated during the night.

Maintenance:

As soon as the newly planted grass has started growing it can be mowed and topsoil can be used to fix any uneven areas. The more you mow the grass, the quicker the grass will form a thick carpet. It is important to apply maintenance fertilization. The cut off grass pieces which are removed contain a high value of plant nutrients.
A general program can be followed:

  • Late winter: Scatter 15 – 20 g/m2 2.3.2. (22) Zn or 2.3.4. (30) Zn
  • Rest of the growing season: Scatter equal amount of KAN and above mentioned mixture of 15 – 20 g/m2 every 6 – 8 weeks
  • Late summer / autumn: Scatter 15 – 20 g/m2 2.3.2. (22) Zn or 2.3.4. (30) Zn

It is important that grass must be lightly irrigated after fertilization. In the late winter the well established lawn may be mowed very short to remove the dead top growth. Afterwards compost can be scattered over the lawn. It is only necessary to use a topsoil if the lawn is uneven.

General:

Grass sods which are planted out have a tendency to die back during the warm seasons of the year. This happens because the volumes of the roots that must supply the water have been reduced by the “taken out” process. Great success is reached if grass is taken out during cooler periods of the year and planted. It is also important to plant the grass as quickly as possible after it has been received. Respiration takes place in the pallets, resulting the temperature in the middle of the pallet rising and the leaves dying. Though this is not a permanent problem; because the new leaves develop out of the stoles and will grow again. It thus has only an aesthetic negative effect.

Useful hints:

Volume and Mass

  • One heaped tablespoon is about 20g fertilizer
  • One heaped teaspoon is about 5g fertilizer
  • Compost’s volume is about 500 700 g per m²

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